Jet Fuel: From Well to Wing

Airlines for America (A4A) is the nation’s oldest and largest U.S. airline industry trade association. Its members and their affiliates account for more than 70 percent of the passenger and cargo traffic carried by U.S. airlines. According to the Energy Information Administration, U.S.-based jet fuel demand averaged 1.6 million barrels per day in 2016. Generally, fuel is supplied to airports through a combination of interstate multiproduct pipelines, third-party and off-airport terminals, and dedicated local pipelines. The last few years have continued to demonstrate the fragility of this complex system and the threat it poses to air-service continuity.

The current interstate refined products pipeline system, constructed many decades ago, is both capacity-constrained and vulnerable to disruptions that typically require a patchwork of costly, inadequate fixes. New shippers have difficulty obtaining line space and long-established shippers have difficulty shipping all of their requirements. It is likely that demand will continue to outpace the capacity of our outdated distribution system for liquid fuels.


Given the increasing demand to transport liquid fuels, it is imperative that we take steps to overcome existing bottlenecks and prevent future ones. These fuels are essential to aviation, trucking and rail, among others, which help power our twentyfirst century economy. As shippers and consumers of significant quantities of refined products on pipelines throughout the country, airlines and other users of liquid fuels have a substantial interest in addressing the nationwide deficiency in pipeline investment.


Surely, expedited permitting for fuel distribution-related infrastructure projects could help pave the way to upgrade existing pipeline assets and expand throughput capacity into key markets. But this deficiency is largely tied to a ratemaking system that lacks both transparency and effective regulatory oversight, resulting in a lack of incentives for pipelines to upgrade or expand their existing networks.


Accordingly, A4A calls on the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) to increase the transparency of pipeline data submissions, strengthen oversight of over-recoveries and excessive returns and recognize fuel shippers and consumers as key constituents.


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Airlines for America (A4A) members are Alaska Airlines, American Airlines, Atlas Air, Delta Air Lines, FedEx, Hawaiian Airlines, JetBlue Airways, Southwest Airlines, United Airlines and UPS. Air Canada is an associate member.

A4A advocates on behalf of the leading U.S. airlines, both passenger and cargo carriers. A4A works collaboratively with industry stakeholders, federal agencies, the Administration, Congress, labor and other groups to improve aviation for the traveling and shipping public.

For more information about the airline industry, visit our website and our blog, A Better Flight Plan, at

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